What really happens to skin when it dries from cold and wet weather

1. Sebaceous Glands

Sebaceous glands are found on all parts of the body except the palms and soles, but they are small and relatively inactive in hairless areas. They are formed from epidermally derived cells that bud out from the side of a hair follicle. The purpose of the sebaceous glands is to form oil, sebum, which lubricates and thus protects the hair and skin. The dominant pathological condition of the sebaceous glands is acne. 

There are several misconceptions about sebum and aging. Skin ageing involves changes to collagen and elastin and does not depend on the amount of sebum production or skin dryness. Thus, oily skin does not age at a slower rate. Dryness is in fact related to the loss of glycosaminoglycans and abnormal barrier function. Sebum helps to keep the skin at a slightly acidic pH.

2. Increased Water Loss

  • Transepidermal Water Loss (TEWL): The cold weather can cause an increase in TEWL, where water evaporates from the skin’s surface faster than usual. This leads to dehydration of the skin.
  • Wind and Low Humidity: Windy conditions and low humidity levels exacerbate TEWL, further stripping the skin of its natural moisture.

3. Compromised Skin Barrier

  • Disruption of Lipid Layer: The lipid layer of the skin, which helps to retain moisture, can become disrupted in cold weather. This layer consists of fatty acids, cholesterol, and ceramides that are essential for maintaining hydration.
  • Micro-cracks: As the skin dries out, it can develop micro-cracks and fissures, leading to increased sensitivity and the potential for irritants and allergens to penetrate more easily.

4. Inflammation and Irritation

  • Inflammatory Response: The skin may respond to dryness with an inflammatory response, resulting in redness, itching, and irritation.
  • Sensory Nerve Activation: Dry skin can activate sensory nerves, causing itching and discomfort.

5. Reduced Cell Turnover

  • Slower Skin Renewal: Cold weather can slow down the process of cell turnover, leading to the accumulation of dead skin cells on the surface. This can make the skin appear dull and flaky.

6. Protective Measures and Moisturization

  • Use of Humidifiers: Using a humidifier indoors can help maintain a higher humidity level, reducing moisture loss from the skin.
  • Emollients and Occlusives: Applying moisturizers containing emollients (e.g., ceramides, fatty acids) and occlusives (e.g., petrolatum, dimethicone) can help to restore the skin barrier and lock in moisture.
  • Hydration: Staying hydrated by drinking plenty of water is also important for maintaining skin health from the inside out.


  • Gentle Cleansers: Use gentle, hydrating cleansers instead of harsh soaps that can strip the skin of natural oils.
  • Layering Moisturizers: Apply moisturizers while the skin is still damp after bathing to trap in moisture.
  • Protective Clothing: Wear gloves and scarves to protect the skin from the elements.


  • Amirova Signature Facial:The facial begins with a thorough skincare analysis so every step in the treatment can be customised to meet clients’ specific needs. During the relaxing treatment we use a beauty device to first peel and exfoliate the skin’s surface with gentle microcurrents and then later to infuse healing serums and creams into the deepest layers skin.
  • Customised Oxylight Facial: Oxylight is a revolutionary new treatment that uses light to target blemishes and imperfections while leaving your skin feeling hydrated. It’s great for dry and dehydrated skin. At Amirova we customise your Oxylight facial to your skin needs.
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* our specialist will contact you to find best time spot for consultation
* on this email will be send copy of product and treatment recommendations.